On this day in history, July 13, the following events took place.
The year Julius Caesar was born.
The year Alexander Nowell, dean of St. Paul’s, London, perfected a method for bottling beer.
The year Capt. James Cook began his second voyage aboard the Resolution to the south seas in search of a southern continent.
The year journalist and revolutionary Jean-Paul Marat was murdered while bathing by political opponent Charlotte Corday.
The year the source of the Mississippi was discovered by American geographer Henry Schoolcraft.
The year Horace Greeley, founder and editor of the New York Tribune, advises readers to “Go west, young man.”
The year British airship R34 lands in Norfolk, England, after completing the first airship return journey across the Atlantic in 182 hours of flight.
The year the first World Cup tournament was held, in Uruguay.
The year Frank Sinatra recorded his first song, “From the Bottom of My Heart” with the Harry James Band.
The year American actor Harrison Ford was born.
The year the greatest tank battle in history took place, ending with Russia’s defeat of Germany at Kursk. Almost 6,000 tanks were involved in the battle. Germany lost 2,900.
The year Erno Rubik, inventor of Rubik’s Cube, was born.
The year the first Shakespeare Festival was held in Stratford, Ontario. It opened with Alec Guinness in Richard III.
The year Mexican painter Frida Kahlo died.
The year Massachusetts Senator John F. Kennedy won the Democratic presidential nomination at the party convention in Los Angeles.
The year A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada founded the International Society for Krishna Consciousness (Hare Krishna movement) in New York City.
The year Alexander Butterfield, deputy assistant to President Richard Nixon, reveals the existence of the “Nixon tapes” to the Senate committee investigating the Watergate break-in. On the same day one year later, the committee proposed sweeping reforms to prevent another Watergate-like scandal.
“Live Aid” concerts held at Wembley Stadium in London and JFK Stadium in Philadelphia raise more than $70 million for African famine relief.