Herostratus sets fire to the Temple of Artemis in Ephesus, one of the Sevens Wonders of the World.
Pope Paul III begins the inquisition against Protestants.
Scottish poet Robert Burns dies.
Napoleon wins the Battle of Pyramids in Egypt.
The first major battle of the Civil War at Bull Run, Va., ends in a southern victory.
Wild Bill Hickok shoots and kills Davis Tutt in the market square of Springfield, Mo. It is regarded as the first true western showdown.
The Tate Gallery opens in London.
Ernest Hemingway is born.
After 13 years, the 4,607-mile Trans-Siberian railway is completed.
Teacher John T. Scopes is found guilty of teaching evolution in the “Scopes Monkey Trial” held in Dayton, Tenn., and argued by Clarence Darrow for the defense and William Jennings Bryant for the prosecution. Scopes is fined $100 and costs.
The U.S. Veterans Administration is formed.
The Soviet Union annexes Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania.
The Detroit Tigers and Philadelphia As play 24 innings and end in a 1-1 tie.
Robin Williams is born.
The Boston Red Sox become the final professional baseball team to integrate when black player Pumpsie Green joins the team.
British actor Basil Rathbone, the face of Sherlock Holmes, dies.
Neil Armstrong becomes the first person to step on the moon.
The Aswan Dam opens in Egypt, allowing human control of the Nile River flooding.
New York City has a record 57 murders occur in 24 hours.
Hank Aaron hits a fastball for his 700th home run.
The U.S. House Judiciary Committee approves two Articles of Impeachment against President Richard Nixon.
The first outbreak of “Legionnaire’s Disease” kills 29 people in Philadelphia.
Mike Tyson knocks out Carl Williams in 1:33 to win the heavyweight boxing title.
Pink Floyd performs The Wall where the Berlin Wall once stood.
The Daily Show hosted by Craig Kilborn premieres on Comedy Central.
Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, the final book in the series by J.K. Rowling, is published and sells 11 million copies in 24 hours.
NASA’s Space Shuttle program ends with the landing of Space Shuttle Atlantis on mission STS-135.