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By the Numbers: This Day in History, July 21

356 BC

Herostratus sets fire to the Temple of Artemis in Ephesus, one of the Sevens Wonders of the World.

1542

Pope Paul III begins the inquisition against Protestants.

1796

Scottish poet Robert Burns dies.

1798

Napoleon wins the Battle of Pyramids in Egypt.

1861

The first major battle of the Civil War at Bull Run, Va., ends in a southern victory.

1865

Wild Bill Hickok shoots and kills Davis Tutt in the market square of Springfield, Mo. It is regarded as the first true western showdown.

1897

The Tate Gallery opens in London.

1899

Ernest Hemingway is born.

1904

After 13 years, the 4,607-mile Trans-Siberian railway is completed.

1925

Teacher John T. Scopes is found guilty of teaching evolution in the “Scopes Monkey Trial” held in Dayton, Tenn., and argued by Clarence Darrow for the defense and William Jennings Bryant for the prosecution. Scopes is fined $100 and costs.

1930

The U.S. Veterans Administration is formed.

1940

The Soviet Union annexes Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania.

1945

The Detroit Tigers and Philadelphia As play 24 innings and end in a 1-1 tie.

1951

Robin Williams is born.

1959

The Boston Red Sox become the final professional baseball team to integrate when black player Pumpsie Green joins the team.

1967

British actor Basil Rathbone, the face of Sherlock Holmes, dies.

1969

Neil Armstrong becomes the first person to step on the moon.

1970

The Aswan Dam opens in Egypt, allowing human control of the Nile River flooding.

1972

New York City has a record 57 murders occur in 24 hours.

1973

Hank Aaron hits a fastball for his 700th home run.

1974

The U.S. House Judiciary Committee approves two Articles of Impeachment against President Richard Nixon.

1967

The first outbreak of “Legionnaire’s Disease” kills 29 people in Philadelphia.

1989

Mike Tyson knocks out Carl Williams in 1:33 to win the heavyweight boxing title.

1990

Pink Floyd performs The Wall where the Berlin Wall once stood.

1996

The Daily Show hosted by Craig Kilborn premieres on Comedy Central.

2007

Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, the final book in the series by J.K. Rowling, is published and sells 11 million copies in 24 hours.

2011

NASA’s Space Shuttle program ends with the landing of Space Shuttle Atlantis on mission STS-135.

Source:  Onthisday.com

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