All of these events took place on March 3.
The first American tavern opens, in Boston.
The first U.S. Internal Revenue act, taxing distilled spirits and carriages, is enacted.
Richard Allen founds the African Methodist Episcopal Church.
David Emanuel, America’s first Jewish governor, takes office in Georgia.
The Louisiana-Missouri Territory is formed.
The U.S. passes its first foreign aid bill, for victims of a Venezuelan earthquake.
The Missouri Compromise passes, allowing Missouri to join the union despite slavery being legal there.
Congress increases the U.S. Supreme Court from seven members to nine.
For the first time, the U.S. Senate overrides a presidential veto, made by President John Tyler.
The U.S. Post Office is authorized to issue postage stamps.
Congress authorizes issuance of the smallest U.S. silver coin, a three-cent piece. It was minted through 1873.
The first U.S. wartime military conscription bill is enacted.
The University of South Carolina opens to all races.
Congress enacts the Comstock Law, making it illegal to send any “obscene, lewd or lascivious” books through the mail.
The U.S. Supreme Court hears from its first female lawyer, Belva Ann Bennett Lockwood.
Congress passes the Indian Appropriations Act, making Indians wards of the federal government.
Ida B. Wells-Barnett demonstrates for female suffrage in Washington, D.C.
Time magazine publishes its first issue.
“The Star-Spangled Banner” becomes the national anthem by congressional resolution, and Cab Calloway records “Minnie the Moocher,” the first million-selling jazz record.
Mount Rushmore is dedicated.
The Boston Braves, who own the Milwaukee minor league franchise, block the St. Louis Browns’ attempt to shift their franchise to Milwaukee.
Elvis Presley makes his first television appearance on Louisiana Hayride.
Los Angeles police severely beat motorist Rodney King. The beating is captured on amateur video.
Eleven Republican presidential candidates debate in Detroit.